Kilkenny City Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan
Welcome to the consultation page on the Kilkenny City Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan
The SUMP is a strategic plan that will be designed to satisfy the mobility needs of people and businesses in the City and its surroundings for a better quality of life. This plan will see the implementation of a vision, objectives and specific measures that relate to the movement of people in the city, such as the design of the streets, integration of public transport and safer walking and cycling infrastructure. The measures will be designed to make the City a vibrant, more user friendly, healthier and sustainable city for people. The plan process will take place over 12 months, due to be completed by Quarter 4 2023.
Our community survey for feedback on the draft SUMP vision, objectives, and measures has now closed
See Frequently Asked Questions here
Click to read the draft vision, principles, objectives, and measures.
What is a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan?
A strategic plan designed to satisfy the mobility needs of people and businesses in cities and their surroundings for a better quality of life. It builds on existing planning practices and takes due consideration of integration, participation, and evaluation principles.
It is a strategy, in that it proposes a coherent set of measures that are designed to realise a long-term vision and specific objectives.
Community Involvement Throughout Plan Process
Sep 2022: Focus Group 1
Stakeholders from across the city, representing statutory and community organisations, businesses, employers and residents were brought together and the process was launched. The rationale was explained, background information was presented and the vision was brainstormed by the group.
Nov 2022: Public Consultation 1
Background information was presented in the format of visual display boards in an exhibition style consultation in The Medieval Mile museum open to the public. Staff from Kilkenny County Council were available to answer questions. Facilitators from Connect The Dots recorded all suggestions and documented conversations on the overall vision. Further consultations took place with the Public Participation Network and the secondary schools.
Q1 2023: Focus Group 2
Feedback was gathered from the stakeholder group on the proposed vision and objectives that had emerged through the public consultation. Measures were brainstormed by the stakeholders under each objective.
Q2 2023: Public Consultation 2
The vision and objectives will be presented, feedback will be gathered and measures will be discussed.
Q3 2023: Additional Focus Groups
Additional focus groups will be held as required to develop measures in detail.
Q4 2023: Final Public Consultation
- Possible pre-planning workshops prior to statutory processes
Current Urban Mobility Patterns in Kilkenny City
Note: These figures are based on data from the 2016 Census, prior to the introduction of the Kilkenny City Bus Service. Since the introduction of the City bus, the numbers using the services have grown, there are now over 20,000 journeys taking place every 4 week period on the inter-city bus service.
- The most common mode of transport to work is Motorised Transport at 65%
- In 2022, 254,403 passenger trips took place on Kilkenny City Bus service
- 22% travel by Foot, 4% use Public Transport & 3% Cycle (CSO, 2016) Prior to introduction of City Bus
- Over twice as many men cycle than women
- Greater numbers of women walk
- Number of school age cyclists dropped from 40% to 3% from 1996 to 2016
- Average car ownership is 1 or more cars per household but in parts of the city, over 50% of the population do not own a car
Why Do We Need a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan?
A Vibrant City:
- Studies have linked the quality of public spaces to people’s perceptions of attractiveness of an area, contributing towards their quality of life and influencing where they shop. Well-planned improvements to public spaces can boost footfall and trading by up to 40%, walking and cycling projects can increase retails sales by 30% (The Pedestrian Pound, 2018).
- Safe streets, designed for people, encourage independent journeys for all, children, young people, people with reduced mobility and older adults. Increased independence reduces the need for escort journeys and thereby travel demand.
- Public realm improvements can ensure that those who need to are able to walk, cycle or get the bus to a range of local services, such as schools, health services, employment or shops. Increased space for public transport, walking and cycling provides safe transport options for people who have no access to a car or cannot drive because of age, ability or cost.
Transport Emissions in Ireland:
- Ireland’s transport carbon emissions have become the second largest source of CO 2 emissions by sector (IEA, 2022 ).
- Ireland’s goal is to half its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Replacing car journeys, where possible, with active transport/walking and cycling will help reach this target.
Health & Wellbeing:
A study concluded that people who commute by bicycle have a:
- 52% lower risk of dying from heart disease
- 40% lower risk of dying from cancer
- Air pollution is associated with poor physical & mental health (World Health Organisation)
- Walking 30 minutes a day can increase sleep quality & mood and decrease stress, anxiety & depression
- Reducing car-dependency and providing other mobility can create a safer, cleaner living environment for all.
Current Transport Infrastructure in Kilkenny City
Existing Public Transport
- Regular train service to Dublin and Waterford
- New city bus service with two routes every 30 minutes
- Private operators on inter-urban routes and demand response services in more
- No formal transportation hub
- No bus priority
Existing Shared Services
- E-bikes share scheme in operation with over 40 parking spots
- Go Cars available in 2 locations
Existing Cycle Network
- Cycle routes consist mainly of on-road cycle lanes with no segregation
- No cyclist provision at junctions
- Strategic city cycle network presented here
- There are opportunities in Kilkenny for increased permeability to reduce walking distances
- Any reduction in traffic volumes creates a safer pedestrian environment
- Currently 4,500 car parking spaces in within 10 mins of city core
- Cars tend to take up disproportionally more space than their modal share. Reallocating road and parking space to public transport, cycling and walking increases mobility options for non-drivers, encourages users to shift from cars to more space-efficient modes and thereby helps to achieve equity and efficiency objectives.
Examples of Best Practices
Stroget, Copenhagen: Open streets
Bell Street Park, Seattle: User-friendly design for all. Narrow lanes that slow traffic.
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Safe cycling and pedestrianised streets.
Oxford Street, London: New designs prioritising people over cars.
Main Street, Wexford: Hydraulic bollards that lower for delivery or emergency vehicles.
Georges Street Lower, Dun Laoghaire: Shared space for mixed use when closed to traffic in summer.
Sustainable Urban Mobility Policy Context
- The Climate Action Plan 2023
- National Sustainable Mobility Policy
- Healthy Ireland Strategic Action Plan
- National Implementation Plan for the Sustainable Development Goals 2022-2024
The Southern Region:
- Kilkenny City and County Development Plan
- Kilkenny County Council Adopted Climate Change Adaptation Strategy 2019-2024
First key stakeholder focus group: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfdjRLDIpFA
Professor Brian Caulfield on Transport Carbon Emissions: https://youtu.be/6J_aWThiHNs
City Engineer Ian Gardner on Kilkenny City Mobility: https://youtu.be/iO7R1eVhFUs
Senior Planner Nicolaas Louw, Kilkenny SUMP Presentation: https://youtu.be/uRmzqQZBDW4